Thrihnukagigur Volcano

Situated west of the ski resort in Bláfjöll is a line of craters named Thrihnukar. In the northeast part of it the crater Thrihnugagigur can be found and descending from its opening is a massive dome, which is in fact a still-standing, empty magma chamber which is counted among the most remarkable natural phenomena of its kind on Earth.

The Þríhnúkar association was founded in 2004 by Árni B. Stefánsson, Björn Ólafsson and Einar K. Stefánsson with the goal of working on a preliminary study on whether it would be realistic to make the crater publicly available for the entry of tourists – while ensuring at the same time that the crater and the surrounding environment be preserved. Þríhnúkar’s mission is to preserve this great natural creation in the best manner possible and at the same time make it accessible to everyone to see and experience. The goal is to have people better perceive their own minuteness and transience in addition to obtaining a deeper feeling of nature’s greatness and creation itself.

The association hired VSO to supervise the preparation work i.e. the preliminary study of the project feasibility. The first phase of the assignment consisted of answering most of the questions that potential executives or investors might ask, for example concerning planning issues, permissions, expenses, security such as the risk of landslides and earthquakes, not to mention opinions regarding environmental issues and nature protection. A preliminary study report was published and presented to the public and interested parties in 2009. In 2011 Þríhnúkar ehf. decided to continue the preparation work which involved an environmental impact assessment (EIA), economic evaluation and preliminary design.

The most realistic suggestion that has yet surfaced regarding the accessibility to the crater consists of an access through a 350 m long tunnel that ends on a balcony in the middle of the crater dome. The balcony protrudes into the middle of the crater, 70 m deep and 50 meters from the crater floor. Above the balcony is a magma vent, or a chimney, but the balcony is never the less sheltered from possible downfall from above by a drooping rock. The view down to the bottom is admirable, two 20 story high buildings could fit below the balcony if they were a bit narrow at the top.

Although the viewing balcony and the tunnel have not yet been built, the agency 3H Travel has offered tours for the public into Thrihnukagigur Volcano over the summertime since 2012. More information about that can be found on the website Meanwhile, environmental, geological and economic research of continues.